India (107) is placed last out of 121 nations on the Global Hunger Index, falling behind its neighbours Nepal (81), Pakistan (99), Sri Lanka (64), and Bangladesh (84).

India dropped from the 101st spot in 2021 to the 107th spot in 2022 according to the Global Hunger Index (GHI). The GHI, jointly released by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe, measures and tracks hunger in all of its forms at the international, regional, and national levels. India is rated last among the 121 nations on the GHI, trailing its neighbours Nepal (81), Pakistan (99), Sri Lanka (64), and Bangladesh (84).

India received a score of 29.1 on the Global Hunger Index (GHI), which ranks nations based on their “severity” of hunger. This puts India in the “serious” category.

Yemen is ranked 121st on the list, which comprises 17 top-ranking countries in total; there are only minor discrepancies between their severity ratings. The top two countries on the list, which is dominated by European countries like Croatia, Estonia, and Montenegro, are both Asian: China and Kuwait.

On the Global Hunger Index (GHI), which assigns points to countries depending on the “severity” of their hunger, India scored a score of 29.1. India now falls under the “serious” category.

There are only slight differences in the severity ratings of the 17 top-ranking countries on the list, which includes Yemen, with which it is placed 121st. China and Kuwait are the top two nations on the list, which is dominated by European nations including Croatia, Estonia, and Montenegro.

Undernourishment, child wasting (the percentage of children under age five who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition), child stunting (children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition), and child mortality are the four indicators used to calculate the GHI score (the mortality rate of children under the age of five).

The approach states that a score of less than 9.9 is “low,” a score of 10–19.9 is “moderate,” a score of 20–34.9 is “severe,” a score of 35–49.9 is “frightening,” and a score of more than 50 is “very alarming.

“Over time, India has seen a decline in GHI scores. It had a “alarming” score of 38.8 in 2000, which fell to 28.2 by 2014. Since then, the nation has begun to post greater scores.

India has typically recorded lower values for the four metrics, but in 2014, the rates of undernourishment and child wasting began to rise. Undernourishment increased from 14.8 percent in 2014 to 16.3 percent in 2022, while the prevalence of wasting in children under five years of age increased from 15.1 percent in 2014 to 19.3 percent in 2022.

India has the highest child wasting rate in the world, according to the survey. According to the report, India has the highest child wasting rate in the world (19.3%), which raises the region’s average due to India’s vast population.The other two indices also saw an improvement in India. Under-five mortality decreased from 4.6 in 2014 to 3.3 in 2022, and stunting in children under five decreased from 38.7 in 2014 to 35.5 in 2022.

When developing programmes and policies to combat child stunting, the example of India highlights the significance of taking the subnational environment into account. Between 2006 and 2016, researchers looked into the causes of a decrease in stunting in Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Odisha, and Tamil Nadu, four Indian states.

According to the study, changes in the reach of health and nutrition interventions, household circumstances (such as socioeconomic position and food security), and maternal factors (such as mothers’ health and education) all contributed to a decrease in stunting.

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